Syllable count is 3,5,8,10,7,5,4,2, Rhyming a,b,b,c,c,d,d,a CENTER ON PAGE  

This form was created by Chazz Combs


Ottava Rima


Line 1 - rhyme a   Line 2 - rhyme b   Line 3 - rhyme a   Line 4 - rhyme b
Line 5 - rhyme a   Line 6 - rhyme b   Line 7 - rhyme c   Line 8 - rhyme c

Ten syllables per line.



Also Known as Mirrored Poetry
A palindrome, by definition, is a word, phrase, verse, sentence,

or even poem that reads the same forward or backward. It stems from the Greek word palindromos: palin, meaning again, and dromos, meaning a running. Combining the two together, the Greek meaning gives us, running back again...
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A cyclic and repeating form, the pantoum must be at least four stanzas, and can be any length beyond that number.  It has a complex rhyme scheme as follows:

Line 1 - Rhyme A   Line 2 - Rhyme B   Line 3 - Rhyme A   Line 4 - Rhyme B    

Line 5 - Repeat line 2 (rhyme B)   Line 6 - Rhyme C   Line 7 - Repeat line 4 (rhyme B)
Line 8 - Rhyme C    Continue the cycle carrying the even lines to the odd of the next stanza for as many stanzas through or beyond the four minimum as you wish.  The last stanza is built as follows:  Line 2 of penultimate stanza  Line 3 of FIRST stanza  Line 4 of penultimate stanza
Line 1 of FIRST stanza


Parallelismus Membrorum

Parallelismus Membrorum is of traditional Hebrew origin. It has lines of parallel construction and presents antitheses and complementary extensions.


Patricia’s Harmony
The form starts with 4 senyru. These senyru begin with the letters P A T R I C I A S H A R. Next 8 syllable count quatrain in rhyme. This must start with the letters M O N Y. The poem must be spiritual in nature. She incorporated an acrostic, senyru, and quatrain style within this style. This form was created by Christina R Jussaume as a tribute to a special poet friend named Patricia Ann Farnsworth Simpson.



 10 line free verse   Each line contains 6 syllables Line 5 and 6 are identical

Line 5 ends first half   Line 6 starts second   Both halves different


Plane 9/11

A form created by John W. Henson on 08-19-2009 It is 9 lines, then 3 then 9, then 1, The rhyming sequence is couplets. The first word of the top 9 rhyming with the last word of the bottom 9, the last line rhyming with the last of the 3 long lines. The syllable count is



Pleiades allows only one word in the title, followed by a single seven-line stanza of six syllables per line. The first word in each line begins with the same letter as the title, and the title is the poem's theme.



A Quatern is a sixteen line French form composed of four quatrains. It is similar to the Kyrielle and the Retourne. It has a refrain that is in a different place in each quatrain. The first line of stanza one is the second line of stanza two, third line of stanza three, and fouth line of stanza four. A quatern has eight syllables per line. It does not have to be iambic or follow a set rhyme scheme.   line 1   line 2   line 3   line 4    line 5  line 6 (line 1)   line 7   line 8   line 9  line 10  line 11 (line 1)   line 12    line 13   line 14    line 15  line 16 (line 1)



Four line stanzas of any kind, rhymed, metered, or otherwise. Like the couplet, there are many variations of the quatrain.



The English word quinzaine come from the French word qunize, meaning fifteen. A quinzaine is an unrhymed verse of fifteen syllables.

These syllables are distributed among three lines so that there are seven syllables in the first line, five in the second line and three in the third line (7/5/3). The first line makes a statement. The next two lines ask a question relating to that statement.


Rannaicheacht Ghairid 

A Quatrain with unevenlines. The first three syllables, the other three have seven. The stanza rhymes are a a b a, with a cross rhyme between three and four.   xxa    xxxxxxa
xxxxxxb     xxbxxxa


A Redondilla is an eight-syllable quatrain rhyming either abba or abab, but in the latter rhyme scheme it is usually called serventesio.



A renga is a series of linked poems of alternating 5-7-5 and 7-7 syllable stanzas. Traditionally there is no theme as each stanza must relate to the previous stanza and the one below it, yet no three consecutive stanzas are to make sense. The relationship between each stanza and those before and after it is often obscure but is never readily apparent. Renga are written collaboratively with at least two poets who take turns writing each succesive stanza. It is worth noting that most oriental languages are unaccented languages so meter is not used.



A French form that occurs when a Kyrielle mates with a glosa: 4 quatrains. The second through fourth lines of the first quatrain become the first lines of the second through fourth quatrains. These are 8- syllable lines. Four stanzas, for a total of 16 lines.


Rhopalic Verse

Having each succeeding unit in a poetic structure longer than the preceding one. Applied to a line, it means that each successive word is a syllable longer that its predecessor.


Rhyming Couplets

Rhyming Couplets are a pair of lines, even in syllable count, which share the same end rhyme.


Rhyme Royal

 A form of verse having stanzas with seven lines in iambic pentameter rhyming ababbcc. Seven-line iambic pentameter stanza rhyming ababbcc. The rhyme royal was first used in English verse in the 14th century by Geoffrey Chaucer in Troilus and Criseyde and The Parlement of Foules. Traditionally, the name rhyme royal is said to derive from The Kingis Quair (“The King’s Book), attributed to James I of Scotland (1394–1437), but some critics trace the name to the French chant royal. Chaucer probably borrowed it from the French poet and musician Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–77), who may have invented it or derived it from earlier French and Provençal poets.


Ricks 32

8 lines 3/4/3/6/6/3/4/3 syllables  rhymed or unrhymed..two or more stanza..any subject

created..by Erich J.Goller (Vienna)
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Rime Couee

This is a single-stanza form in which a usually closing short line rhymes with a previous short line, with both short lines separated by longer lines.  No number of syllables for either the short lines or the long ones is  specified, although eight-to-ten for the long lines and four-to-six for the short ones is usual.  Although no set form for number of lines exists, a typical form and rhyme scheme could be as follows:

xxxxxxxa xxxxxxxa xxxxxb xxxxxxxa xxxxxxxa xxxxxb 



This Tuscan folk verse form is a version of the strambotto.  In its earliest form, the rhyme scheme was usually abababcc, a scheme which evolved to ababccdd, and other variations can be found.  Current acceptance is for any complete poem of two rhymed quatrains, and although the rispetto was classically composed of eight hendecasyllabic (11-syllable) lines, the current climate favors iambic tetrameter.


Ronsardian Ode

From a French poet of the 17th century. Syllable count is 10, 4, 10, 4, 10, 10, 4, 4, and 8 Rhyme scheme is ABABCCDDC



A Rondeau is a French form, 15 lines long, consisting of three stanzas: a quintet, a quatrain, and a sestet with a rhyme scheme as follows: aabba aabR aabbaR. Lines 9 and 15 are short - a refrain (R) consisting of a phrase taken from line one - normally the first few words (four syllables). The other lines are longer, eight syllables.


Rondeau Redouble

The Rondeau Redouble is not, as its name suggests, a double rondeau. With a strict rhyming pattern it consists of six stanzas (quatrains) and a final refrain, all on two rhymes. Each line of the first stanza becomes, in turn, the last line of the four succeeding stanzas. The sixth stanza is all new though followed by the first phrase of the first line.



There are twelve lines in three stanzas, rhyming abba; abR; abbaR, where "R" denotes the refrain. (Sometimes the first two stanzas are run together.) Compared with the rondeau, each stanza is one line shorter, the "missing" line being the first in each case. The refrain is made up from the first few words (four syllables) of the first line. Eight syllables per line.



This arabic format has a quatrain wherein the first, second, and fourth lines rhyme. The rhyme scheme is thus; a-a-b-a. A single stanza can be a poem in itself or multiple stanzas may be joined to create a larger piece. Eight syllables per line.



The Sedoka is an unrhymed poem made up of a pair of katauta as a single poem, and may address the same subject from differing perspectives.  It consists of two three-line katauta with the syllable counts of five/seven/seven, five/seven/seven.



Within a humanities theme, this unrhymed Japanese form records the essence of a moment.  Containing no more that seventeen syllables, often ironic, sardonic, or sarcastic, it consists of three lines as follows:

Line one:  five syllables or less, and shorter than line two

Line two:  seven syllables or less, longer than either one or three;

Line three: should balance line one in syllable count.

Thus, four/six/four or two/three/two would be acceptable; three/five/four would not.



The Septolet is a poem in two parts, consisting of a total of seven lines containing fourteen words.  A break separates the two parts between lines four and five.  Both parts deal with the same thought, and together they create a picture.

Although arithmetic suggests that seven lines and fourteen words requires two words per line, that is not a rule.  In theory, each of the first four lines could be one word each, with the next three lines having the rest.  (Most would probably let that theory die.)  Still, the discretion as to how many words per line is that of the writer.



The sestina consists of six six-line stanzas and a final three line envoi, all unrhymed.  The final word in each line of the first stanza becomes the final word in lines of other stanzas, but in a different specified pattern.  The final stanza uses these words again in a specified way, one in each half line.  Example: In the diagram, each letter represents the terminal word of a verse  each line represents a stanza:  Stanza 1: a b c d e f    Stanza 2: f a e b d c  Stanza 3: c f d a b e   Stanza 4: e c b f a d   Stanza 5: d e a c f b   Stanza 6: b d f e c a  

Envoi:   x x x b x x x e   x x x d x x x c   x x x f x x x a


Seven by Seven 

A poetry form invented by David Shrewsbury.

It has seven syllables in each line, has seven lines,

And the title must be in the last line.

Short Story

As it says, a short story, in whatever form, following correct form protocols along with proper grammer and spelling.


A Korean poetic form containing 3 lines, the sijo has no restrictions on topic, although common ones are nature, virtue and rural life.  There are three lines, each with it's own syllable count, each line with a specific focus.  The first line introduces a situation or problem; the second line includes a development; the third line relieves tensions created in the first line or resolves the problem of the first line, and often does so with a touch of humor or a change of thought.  This is a natural place, in English, for a pun.

Further, each line subdivides into a syllable count, with each grouping of syllables attached within the group and basically separated by natural pauses from the others. This does not mean a punctuation mark is required, although those do make the counting easier.  What it does mean is that a 3, 4 cannot be combined to make a 7.  The 3 must be distinct, as must the 4. 

The syllable counts are: Line one: 3, 4, 3, 4 Line two: 3, 4, 3, 4

Line three: 3, 5, 4, 3  Again, we note that Oriental languages tend to be unstressed. Each piece must be self-explanatory.

Skeltonic Verse

Frantic, fast paced, short lines are a hallmark of the Skeltonic Form, in which the rhyme rambles from one rhyme to the next. Foot-changes, within non-existent meter, accent lines of differing length, all the while making at least some kind of sense.  Beware, for an easy trap that looks like Skeltonic but is not is the repeated anapest or dactyl.

It encourages speed.


Please be advised this form has more form than we have shown here. This is probably the most well known and recognized format in the present day. Though made famous by Shakespeare, the format is much older and there are actually three different sonnet formats; Shakespearean, Spenserian, and Petrarchan (Italian). Each has an unique rhyme scheme but all have fourteen lines. The sonnet may be broken into three quatrains with alternating rhyme and a heroic couplet ending it. Note that when written there are no spaces between stanzas. The petrarchan format has several different possible endings known as tercets (three line stanza). Here then is the rhyme scheme for the three styles.

Shakespearean -  a-b-a-b / c-d-c-d / e-f-e-f / g-g

Spensarian - a-b-a-b / b-c-b-c / c-d-c-d / e-e

Petrarchan - a-b-b-a / a-b-b-a /c-d-c / c-d-e

End Tercet Variants - d-c-d / d-d-c / e-d-c

Sonnetina Rispetto

Is a new poetry form created by Dorian Petersen Potter
September 8, 2009 This form has 14 lines with 8 syllables each.
It can be written in 3 quatrain stanzas and a couplet or with an Octave(8) and a Sestet(6) lines. The rhyme scheme is as follows: A1,A2,B1,c,c,B2,A1,A2,d,d,B1,B2,A1,A2.
The capitals A1,A2,B1 and B2...stands for the refrain lines in the poem. Any subject.

Spirit’s Vessel

This new form consists of three stanzas of six lines with six syllables each. These stanzas must start with the letters

VESSEL OF YOUR last word is six letters and the word is

your choice. The poem must be uplifting and spiritual in nature.

This style by the Creator Christina R Jussaume


Must contain a minimum of two stanzas, with no known maximum. In each stanza, lines one and three MUST end in the same word and lines two and four must rhyme. Syllable count for lines is 7, 8, 9 and 10 per line respectively. This form, created by American Olivia J. Green

Stated Nonet.

A Stated Nonet created with each separate syllable line in its own way states all there is to say in the one line about Life, Heaven & Hell! shown here by  creater Patricia Ann Farnsworth-Simpson:

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